Great Creative!!

Park Bank Park Bench Wood Sun Rest Garden

You could be an avid do-it-yourself enthusiast or maybe it is something you will try for the first time. There might be several reasons why you would like to create your own furniture which might be price or you get a special idea.

You’ll have to decide which sort of patio furniture you desire. To put it differently, is it made from wood or metal? For timber, you won’t need too much ability, as hopefully you’d have had any experience with woodwork in college or with your dad when you’re young. For metal, you might expect a little bit of ability as the tools you will need are specialised.

If you go for a metal framed patio set, then you’ll have to source the identical sort of metal. This will assist you with the construction and the soldering procedure. With metal you’ll need to solder the pieces together so it may be sturdy. To start the process you’ll have to gauge the parts and cut them to size. Be certain you measure twice to prevent any mishaps with the period of the parts. Place all of the parts in the order you will join them. As soon as you are sure of every part’s positioning then start with soldering it together. Once the pieces are together and you’ve got all of your patio chairs, you can paint it the color you would like. The metal patio set will prove to be cold and hard to sit on.

The wood option is typically more popular because it doesn’t rust and it’s a less expensive alternative to the metal. With pallet wood you do not have to start from scratch. You might want to bring a glass top for a smooth surface. For the seats you’ll need to spend the pallet apart so as to slice the wood together to make it more sturdy. You’ll require a saw, hammer, nails and glue to accomplish this. Again, be certain that you gauge the length of the timber in order for your patio chairs are all the exact same size and are symmetrical. If you’re delighted with the dimensions, then glue and nail the wood pieces together. Gauge the seating and rear area. Send those measurements together with your choice of material into the furniture maker who will make it for you. That part you do not have to create yourself, because sewing the cushions may be somewhat tricky if you have not done it before.

Tips For Coffee Brewing

Coffee, Coffee Beans, Drink, Caffeine

For some folks, coffee is the number one must have, and if you’re one of those lucky people who can’t stop enjoying coffee in the morning then you’ll be very happy to know there are different ways to brew coffee.

There are several takes on the best way to brew coffee – from decorative foam to French presses. In this guide we present our top ten tips and techniques for brewing coffee.

1. Decorating your lattes

With some practice it is possible for anybody at home to decorate their own java in ways they probably believed just baristas could pull off. Baristas make it seem easy, and if you do it then you can also become fantastic and positive results – particularly because you aren’t a barista who is being hurried to perform four tasks at the same time.

The secret is to work together with the milk and make it frothy with no large bubbles and then pour it into the coffee cup at an angle.

2. Buy new whole bean coffee

Don’t purchase the pre-ground coffee. Most coffee companies don’t bother with dates for when the beans were packed – it is likely that the beans were left there for weeks after picking. Fresh coffee goes off fairly quickly. To discover fresh beans, it is ideal to test coffee shops, and a few coffee shops will roast them , which means fresher coffee for a fantastic brew.

Pre-roasted coffee beans also signify the beans are releasing carbon dioxide, meaning that the escaping gases eliminate more flavor from the coffee than freshly grounded and roasted beans.

3.

The quality of your water things when it gets into the time for you to brew coffee. Hard water, which is filled with additional minerals, won’t bond as well to the java that is brewing, which contributes to a weak coffee rather than what you’re hoping for. If you use this sort of water then you’ll have to descale your coffee machine frequently, something that you don’t want.

Heavily filtered water may also cause other problems when you brew coffee, but gently filtered water will be ideal.

4. How to cold-brew to get another flavor to your coffee

Cold brewing your coffee is a fantastic alternative if you love iced-coffee and wish to avoid purchasing pricey iced-coffee.

There are a number of ways to brew coffee that may be brewed, but there are also machines which make this possible. An advantage is that this system removes the acids that java produces.

As an alternative, you may use a particular jar, known as a mason jar. It’s really simple – you simply take your ground coffee, pour it in the jar, then pour in cold water prior to placing the water in your refrigerator for 12 to 24 hours. When it is ready, just strain out the grounds and serve with ice. Give it a go!

5. Quantify your coffee out

When you start to brew coffee, determine which ratio of the coffee you measure out is the most powerful, and which one is the weakest so then you get a terrific coffee experience without weakening it or making it too powerful for your tastes.

The most common ratio is 1 liter of water to 60 grams of ground coffee, and the easiest way to find this is to simply gauge the coffee out on a pair of scales, but it’s also possible to quantify it out by just measuring 60 g using a spoon.

6. Pre-infusion, or the blossom

Always be certain that you eliminate the carbon dioxide out of the coffee grounds or your brew will be feeble. If you have got a coffee machine, make sure it’s got a feeling that covers this, and be sure it’s always on.

It’s made by the roasting process, and the center causes carbon dioxide to be captured by the bean and trapped. After the roasting is finished the gases are discharged gradually. This is known as”degassing.”

7. Brewing and Fixing for weaker coffee

If you would like to brew coffee, that is great, do not brew it for a long time, simply increase how much ground coffee you’ve already. If, however, you prefer it poorer, then just don’t brew it for a shorter time but instead brew it properly and then you dilute it to drink later.

8. Strategies for using filter paper

This will remove the probability of getting that papery/cardboard like taste in your mouth which you would likely get if you simply pour the water over the coffee grounds in the event the paper is dry before you begin. If you pre-wet the newspaper, then you will wash it and remove that papery taste, which means that you’ll still have a fantastic tasting cup of coffee.

When you are brewing a cup of coffee with this procedure, pour the hot water over the coffee grounds in a circular motion so the water from the coffee gradually appears in the kettle. This is known as the bloom. Keep pouring more water gradually over the grounds, allow it to take its time to float, then await the java to collect at the base of the pot.

9.

If you prefer your coffee to have different tastes, for example a little cinnamon, nutmeg, or vanilla or almond extracts, then pour a few of those extracts to the milk or cream. Sprinkle some cinnamon or nutmeg over the coffee, or you might even sprinkle some other ground spices such as cardamom for a java that’s more spiced and distinct than the kind you know.

10.

An alternative for flavored and sweetened coffee would be to swap sugar with maple syrup.

About Bees

Bees Hive Beehive Honey Bees Work Beekeepi

Bees are among the most complex organisms which may be discovered in the world. They were producing structures before man ever did. They’ve a huge population (where most have their needs fulfilled ) of about 70,000 bees before man produced a tribe. Even today, it might be argued that bee culture is better organized than human culture.

They can not live alone. A bee with no hive is a dead bee. Within the hive, they’ve specialized tasks. There’s absolutely not any bee without one. Even drones, which can be specialized for just 1 job, will take up other tasks, such as cooling the hive, if necessary. They realize that their survival is dependent upon the existence of the colony. A colony of bees consists of one queen, countless drones and tens of thousands of employees.

Men didn’t christen the queen gently. She’s the main member of a hive. Her success ensures that the longevity of this colony. Her objective is simple; she lays the eggs of their upcoming generation. The huge quantities of worker bees are infertile. She only wants to mate once. Or instead, she only needs one breeding interval. She is able to mate with several drones at the moment. Her breeding period lasts just for a couple of days. After mating with up to 15 drones, she’ll continue to keep their sperm inside of her. Every now then she’ll release it so as to fertilize her eggs. A vigorous queen can lay up to two thousand new eggs each day. Most queens live for two to three decades. But some have been recorded to live for up to seven decades.

The worker bee is the all-important foundation of the hive. They do the majority of the jobs in the colony. They don’t do these tasks simultaneously, naturally. Workers mature in 21 days and live for around six weeks. For every age in their lifetime, they are tasked with particular tasks. By way of instance, guarding the colony is accomplished by the earliest and biggest workers.

The bad male bee. Contrary to the queen and the employee they’re hatched from unfertilized eggs. Drones have it hard. When times are tough and food is scarce, the employees drive the drones away since they’re only useful for something, to mate with the queen.

Stop Eating for Comfort by Recognizing Your Triggers and Habits

Pancakes, Maple Syrup, Sweet, Food

The longer I work with clients the more I realise that most of us who have issues with food are just hurting in some way and are looking for love/comfort. We might have a very loving relationship with someone else but when we don’t love ourselves there’s something missing and we use food to fill the gap. For others it could be alcohol, drugs, smoking or gambling.

However food appears to be the most common as it is quick and simple, not hurting anyone else and can be easily hidden. Unfortunately however, we only feel good for a split second with the initial taste, then the guilt sets in, we feel uneasy and begin to beat ourselves up which only leads to more eating or bingeing. Unfortunately eating food only keeps the emotion inside of us. Instead of confronting our issues, we eat that only creates further issues.

The only time that our body actually wants food is when it is physically hungry. So when we eat for emotional reasons, it doesn’t work, because our body does not want food, it needs comfort in some other way. We keep eating waiting for that magical fix that never comes.

This will then fill the physical need and enable us to find positive, empowering things which will serve the emotional need. The excellent thing about natural eating is that it is based on awareness. Once you are aware of your habits/triggers about food you can make a different option.

The key is to honor your emotions, notice that you are sad or lonely or stressed out. Sometimes a good cry is your answer as this lets you find the emotion out of your body. Other methods of doing this is to laugh, sing, scream or do something physical like jogging, biking or martial arts.

You will discover that it is based around certain events and activities which have led to negative habits. Because once you’re aware of what you’re doing you can find a way to prevent those triggers and make different positive decisions.

I am a wife and mother who has recovered from twenty years of weight and food related issues. I used to binge on food uncontrollably and then exercise excessively to get rid of it. After being diagnosed with depression and bulimia in 1996 I had been introduced to Natural Eating.

Where does maple syrup come from?

Maple Syrup Maple Tree Syrup Tapping Sap S

It’s one of the few procedures that wasn’t brought to the USA by European settlers.

While there are lots of interesting and terrific stories about the source of maple syrup, there are no definite accounts of how the procedure was discovered. Among the most popular legends entails a Native American chief who discovered that the clear liquid sap seeping out of a tree he’d stuck his tomahawk into. The chief was so impressed with the sweet flavor of this maple meat he called it Sinzibudkwud which means”drawn from trees”. Native Americans still quite often use this phrase when speaking to maple syrup.

Soon they found that cutting or (wounding) a walnut tree in early spring caused it to ooze a sweet clear liquid which may be processed into a candy merchandise they found to be delicious. Most stories likely have been altered through time, but the discovery of maple syrup probably was accidental.

Over the years they heard they could gradually decrease the sap to syrup by freezing it, discarding the ice, and saying over again. They can store up to 30 pounds of maple sugar containers made from birch bark.

Finally some of the Native American tribes started to process the pine sap over fire. They left troughs where they collected the sap and brought it to the flame. The sap was heated with the addition of heated stones. Freshly heated stones could be added while eliminating older cooler stones to be reheated. Most ancient Native Americans preferred sugar and used maple sugar or syrup on their fish and meat.

Early settlers imitated the Native American procedures to produce their maple syrup. They would boil the sap within an open flame until it decreased down to syrup. Not much changed for another two hundred years, and during the civil war that the tin can was invented. It was not long before syrup manufacturers discovered a large flat sheet of metal could make a far more efficient pan to boil maple sap compared to the formerly utilized heavy curved iron kettle.

Most original syrup manufacturers were dairy farmers that made maple sugar and syrup for their own use, or a little additional income during the off season. They always looked for a more efficient and quicker way to create their syrup. Many innovative ideas and procedures evolved over time, but for the most part technology remained the same for another century. They couldn’t afford to hire the lot of individuals necessary to tap the trees and haul the tiny buckets into the evaporator house.

Ultimately with all the energy crunch of the 1970’s another surge of technological discoveries occurred. Tubing systems were developed, and vacuum pumps inserted to draw the sap directly from the trees into the evaporator house. Pre-heaters were “recycle” heat that formerly had been lost were developed, and reverse-osmosis filters which eliminate some of the water from the sap before it’s boiled were developed.

Squirrels

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Due to their cute and cuddly nature and their adorable fluffy tails, many will often forget when they spot a squirrel that is in fact a rodent that can cause extensive property damage while in search of food. While their diet primarily consists of fruits, nuts, seeds, and vegetation, during the early spring when Animal Control much of this is not yet available this species will eat meats, eggs, small birds, snakes as well as other rodents. Squirrels are naturally clever and will often find ways to get food that other rodents would not usually be able to access, like eating out of bird feeders located high off the ground or digging up seeds, seeds, and bulbs which were found by their excellent little noses. They’re also inquisitive by nature and will readily explore new areas for a proper den.

Squirrels over time have learned to cohabitate with people and within many public parks and universities see us as ample sources of food. These rodents can be trained to be hand fed and often are considered a suitable pet inside the home if raised from a really young age. A couple of college campuses have even began a game called squirrel fishing; a game in which you attach a peanut into a string and a stick and see just how far the squirrel can be lifted off the ground before releasing his snack. Others believe squirrels a viable food source throughout the United States; they are however high in cholesterol and have a strong gamey taste.

Squirrels build nests in which to live, and these can often be spotted both high in trees and burrowed inside the floor. In squirrel infested regions that border residential houses they will also find attics and basements appropriate living environments; and they will often put to use substances found inside the house to construct their nest. Power outages are also occasionally on account of the curious creature wandering across a grounded power line and brushing against a transformer, and twice this species has been proven to topple even the mighty NASDAQ stock market.

Keeping squirrels out of your house can often prove difficult for the average homeowner, especially if there’s a large population of them nearby. This species can grow to be very territorial during mating period (or after giving birth) and a quiet attic can often become the perfect hideout for these animals. The simplest way to avoid an infestation is to prevent entry in the first place by sealing up any holes or other entryways which would normally go unnoticed. In northern areas it is also important not to overlook the chimney; with their excellent climbing ability squirrels can descend right down it. If a professional is required, they will install small metal cages to trap the animal within and use favorite treats such as nuts or peanut butter as incentives.

Information about pigeons

Free stock photo of bird, animal, blur, beak

Birds are a source of entertainment for us. They fly in the atmosphere, have brighten colors that attract us towards them and they create varieties of sounds that make our environment beautiful. Birds have a number of adaptations that allow them to survive in different kinds of habitats. They are cosmopolitan and are also beneficial to the human beings in a number of ways. Pigeon is one such bird which is not only amazing in its look but is also a sign of peace. Pigeon belongs to the phylum Chordata and class Aves. Its family is Columbidae. Pigeons and doves are responsible for comprising the family Columbidae with the order Columbiformes. There are approximately 300 species of passerines are understood. In general speaking the doves and pigeons are used together for describing some of the birds. Columbidae is present throughout the world however, the major species exist in the Indomalaya and Australasia ecozones. The young pigeons are called as squabs.

Pigeons have stout bodies with short necks, having slender bills and fleshy cere. The typical species of pigeon generally available in the localities is the feral Rock Pigeon. Pigeons like to make their nests with the help of sticks and other debris which might be placed on the trees, ground and on the areas of buildings based upon the species. Pigeons lay one or two eggs at a time and both the parents take part in caring the young ones which leave the nest after 7 to 28 days after their arrival. Pigeons feed on seeds, fruits and plants. Like other birds pigeons also produce crop milk that’s secreted from the sloughing of fluid filled cells lining the crop. Both males and females are able to produce the crop milk to nourishing the young ones.

Morphology

Pigeons differ in body size based on the species. The largest species of pigeons are the crowned pigeons of New Guinea that are about the size of a turkey weighing approximately 2-4 kilograms. The smallest species are the ground doves of the genus Columbina which are almost equivalent to the size of the house sparrow and weighing about 22 grams. Taxonomically the smaller species are called as doves and the larger ones are called pigeons and there are no distinguishing features between the two. Pigeons have short bills and short legs. Pigeons have large wings with powerful wing muscles containing about 31-40% of their total body weight. They’re amongst the strongest flying birds. The plumage of the family is also changeable. The species which feed on seeds are known as granivorous species and they’ve dull plumage while the species feeding on fruits are known as frugivorous and they are brightly coloured. Apart from the vivid colours pigeons also bear spotted patterns in addition to other ornamentations. Pigeons lack gall bladder.

Pigeons are found all around the world except the Sahara desert, Antarctica, its surrounding islands and the high Arctic. The pigeon colonies can easily be found around the major oceanic islands such as Polynesia and Chatham islands in the Pacific, Mauritius, Indian Ocean and the Atlantic Ocean. The pigeons are able to survive every type of habitat available in the world. The greatest number of species is found in the tropical forests and the woodlands where are accommodated to the arboreal, terrestrial and semi-terrestrial habitats. Pigeon species are also available in the temperate forests, savannas, grasslands, deserts, mangrove forests as well as the barren lands. Some species have long organic ranges also. The largest range for any species of pigeon is that of the Rock pigeon. Rock pigeon species is naturally distributed from Britain and Ireland to northern Africa, across Europe, Arabia, Orlando Animal Removal, Central Asia, India, the Himalayas and up into China and Mongolia. Domestication has a great role in the spread of this species. Currently the species is found across major regions of North America, Japan and Australia. Some species also have changed their natural habitats due to the actions of human beings too.

Diet

Fruits and seeds are the major food constituents of pigeons. The family can be divided into the seed eating members or the granivorous species coming under the subfamily Columbinae and those which prefer to feed on the fruits or the frugivorous species forming another four subfamilies. Granivorous species especially feed on the seeds present on the floor and the frugivorous species feeding on fruits tend to feed on the trees. Both types of species have different morphological adaptations that can be helpful in identifying the two. Gizzard walls are thick at the granivorous species while it is thin in the frugivorous species. Frugivores are capable of clinging on the branches to reach the fruits. Aside from seeds and fruits species also take other sort of substances also as a part of food. Some species especially the quail doves and ground doves also feed on insects and rats. Atoll Fruit dove is specialized for feeding on insects and reptiles as a part of its food. Some species like the Orange dove, White crowned pigeons feed on snails, insects and moths.

Evolutionary Status

Columbidae is having no correlation with other bird families. The fossil records for the pigeon family is also quite limited and only one can predict that they evolved from parrot like birds on the basis of their feeding habits. The household is categorized into five subfamilies but this demarcation is inappropriate. The DNA sequencing of the members of the pigeon family also show variations among the members and provide the clue about the inappropriate classification of the family.

Economic Importance

Pigeon and doves are consumed as food especially the stronger breast muscles are the perfect source of meat. They’re relished by the people across the planet. In Europe the Wood pigeon is the game bird and helps in earning a great sum of money. The Rock pigeon which is basically domesticated for meat is now available in various breeds today which enhance its meat worth. The Passenger pigeon is now extinct today as it had been hunted by the humans because of its meat on larger scale. The pigeons also have played a major role during the World War I and the II since the pigeons were embellished with the Dickin Medal for the people who have contributed their lives for the war. Pigeons are also considered sacred in the Bible since they are the symbols of Holy Ghost in the New Testament and were also used as offerings in the olden times of the Bible. They’re also used as the symbol of final assistance of the prophet from the Islam.

Conservation

Pigeons and doves have benefited human beings since time immemorial. Some species have come on the verge of extinction because of immense shooting. Two species of pigeons such as the Dodo and the Passenger pigeons have become extinct today due to mass shooting. About 59 species of pigeons and dove are under the category of threatened species. The Polynesian ground dove is an exceptionally badly endangered species. Various schemes are under progress to save these endangered species from extinction.

Why are flamingos pink?

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With”That’s just the way it is”. Elephants are gray, canaries are yellow, so why shouldn’t flamingos be pink? Well, there actually is an excellent reason.

First of all, young flamingos aren’t pink, they are grey (like an elephant) for about the first three decades of life, and they turn pink. Not all adult flamingos are pink either, though most are either pink or a shade of red close to pink. Of the five species of flamingo in existence, the Caribbean flamingo, is actually a very bright crimson red. In general, adult flamingos are red, pink, or somewhere in between. That still begs the question however, “Why are Flamingos Pink”.

Genetics would seem to be the obvious answer, but it’s not the best one. There is the old saying”You are what you eat”, and flamingos are pink because of their diet. If you put a flamingo in captivity, and give it something to eat rather than its usual diet, the bird will so start to lose its coloring, and become more white than pink. The fact that we don’t see more white flamingos in zoos is because the zookeepers are careful to provide the flamingos a distinctive flamingo food, containing all the nutrients they would get in their natural habitats.

A flamingo’s diet is high in beta-carotene, the exact same substance we consume when we eat carrots. Among other things, flamingos eat crustaceans, particularly shrimp. Their natural habitat is in shallow lakes and wetlands, where fish have a tendency to flourish. Flamingos also eat algae, another source of beta-carotine and carotenoid pigments (red). When you think of it, someone who likes carrots and eats a few a day can take on a slightly orange hue to their complexion. That really happens, and isn’t unhealthy though it may look so.

, you can truthfully say that it’s because they eat shrimp. You can go into some detail with the cartenoid piece if you wish, but for our purposes, just saying shrimp should suffice. Then if you are pressed, you can mention cartenoids and beta-carotine, like that’s something everybody should already know!

If the individual still doesn’t believe your response, you can tell them that flamingos also fly and march, two more facts about flamingos that definitely are true. We’re so used to seeing flamingos from the zoo only standing on one leg (it’s the most comfortable way for them to stand), or as lawn ornaments in the neighborhood, we forget that they are quite capable of flight, and in fact fly from one location to another in enormous flocks. Insofar as marching is concerned, should you find a group (actually a colony) of flamingos on the ground, and watch them over a period of time, you’ll eventually see them march.

Coyotes

Wolf Animal Wildlife Mammal Predator Creat

In this article on coyote facts I am going to cover as many facts as possible for you.

Full grown coyotes weigh from 20 to 50 pounds. They measure from 58 to 64 inches long from the tip of their nose to the tip of the tail. Their tail itself usually measures 12 to 16 inches.

Coyotes can live to the ripe old age of 14 years. Additionally it is believed that the population of coyotes in North America is at an all time high.

I don’t believe that is true here in NW Missouri where I live. I can recall as a teenager seeing and hearing coyotes almost on a daily basis on the farm. I do however think the population here is growing once again.

A couple of years back I can remember nearly every coyote I called or trapped had mange. I believe mange was responsible mainly here for the previous 10 year decrease in population.

Coyotes are omnivores. They’ve even been known to kill lambs, calves, and little pets.

Coyotes have an exception sense of smell. 100 times better than a human. They also have keen eyesight.

Female coyotes give birth to as few as 2, and up to a dozen pups in the spring. Both male and female will protect the pups and their land. The pups can hunt by themselves by fall.

Coyotes can run up to 40 miles an hour.

I know this article will be read by many from each side of the animal rights world. I will tell you right up front that I love coyotes. . Now I don’t expect everyone to agree with hunting coyotes. In my opinion, the ones that disagree with it only do not have all the facts they need to make an in formed choice. So I will list a fact here that is reason enough for me to hunt them and do my part to keep their population in check.

When coyotes become over populated in an area they begin venturing to urban communities. I just finished reading an article yesterday of a coyote attacking 2 small kids in Oregon State. Coyotes fault? No, it is just instinct to them. But the fact that coyotes have become so overpopulated in that region that they are being forced to search for new territory (which in this instance includes towns) is reason enough to narrow the people there in my opinion.

Biggest snake in the world

Today the largest snake in the world is the reticulated python, Python reticulatus which lives in Southeast Asia, and grows to a maximum of approximately 32 feet (10 meters) in length. The heaviest snake alive is Eunectes murinus, commonly known as the anaconda which normally grows to a maximum of about 20 feet (6 meters) in length, but sometimes develops as long as 25 feet (7.6 meters), and weighs around 100 pounds (45 kilograms). And, despite extensive searching, and even cash rewards of $50,000 offered by the Wildlife Conservation Society, no live snake longer than 30 feet (9.1 meters) has been found.

Image result for Anaconda

But, neither the reticulated python nor the anaconda can hold a candle in comparison to an ancient snake known as Titanoboa cerrejonensis. This giant snake lived in tropical rainforests that covered the region that is now the nation of Columbia. It inhabited this area during the Paleocene epoch, between about 60 million years ago and 58 million years ago. Concerning size, Titanoboa is thought to have grown to about 43 feet (15 meters) in length, would have had a diameter of more than 1 meter (3 ft ), and almost certainly weighed more than 1 ton.

Titanoboa, like most other big snakes, has been non-venomous. Titanoboa would lay motionless in wait until victim approached, and then suddenly and without warning, when the prey came within reach it would pounce, wrapping itself around its prey. Slowly and slowly, it would tighten its body around that of the victim, until the prey eventually suffocated to death.

Manatee

What’s a Manatee? They’re dark and wrinkly with hardly any hair. They have a narrow tail that moves up and down to help them float. Their two little flippers on their upper body are used to help them eat and to steer when they float. There are nails on their flippers to help them dig when looking for food.

Manatee Underwater Sea Marine Water Ocean

They are very unique creatures. It is said that manatees were once land dwelling animals and that about 50 million years ago they left land to the sea. They continue to breathe air, but gradually developed their bodies for life in the water.

Although manatees are very large they are among the gentlest creatures. These stunning animals are very much endangered. A lot of this is do to boating accidents, but there are many other reasons for their falling numbers that are all mostly due to humans.

Manatees might not be as amazing as mermaids but the gentle, fun loving mammals are beautiful in their own right. It is said that Christopher Columbus claims to have seen mermaids in the Caribbean Sea on his way to the West Indies. However he told his friends that these”mermaids” were not as beautiful as he had seen in paintings. What he possibly saw were colonies of manatee.

If you would take the time to get to really know these magnificent animals you could not help but fall in love with them as I have.

There are many different avenues you can take if you would like to help save these magnificent creatures. You can adopt a manatee, contribute to a charity, and help keep our oceans clean are among a number of them.

United States Fish and Wildlife Service

The United States Fish and Wildlife Service Fisheries application has been around for 133 years. Their goal is to maintain the populations of all species of fish while also providing ample opportunities for the fishermen of the United States. The Fisheries program consists of two different applications, the Fish and Wildlife Management Assistance Program and the National Fish Hatchery System. The Fisheries program looks at species of it that are at risk of extinction and works to rebuild their inhabitants, as well as to offer education to the general public about those particular species of it.

There are many responsibilities assigned directly to the Fish and Wildlife Management Assistance program of the Fish and Wildlife Service. The management assistance part of the title refers to their planning and management services, in terms of animal populations. While not directly involved, they take part in the preparation end of restoring endangered fish populations. They monitor the amounts of it at the hatcheries and how long they have been there, and they monitor, regulate and prevent the invasion of predator species. When repopulating does happen, the program monitors the repopulation to see how effective it is. Public education regarding conservation is their final responsibility.

They use hatcheries to breed fish that don’t have any genetic defects and then set them in the wild to repopulate in areas that are depleted. The hatchery employees do research to identify and attempt to prevent disease that might be affecting it and aquatic wildlife. In addition to all this, they also offer refuge habitats to it that have become an endangered species, as an effort to allow them time to breed with the goal of repopulating.

The Fish and Wildlife Service Fish Hatchery program ensures the survival of sport fish by tracking and keeping their populations. They do this by forcing compliance with limits imposes by both the state and national governments. The purpose in doing this is to make certain that game fish like the largemouth bass and the smallmouth bass do not get to a state that could border on endangerment. Fishing is not just a excellent source of both food and fun, but it’s also a major area of the economy in areas where there are large bodies of water or large rivers. Any upset in the populace of a local game fish, may have very negative repercussions on the local market.

Australian wild dog

Dingo, Australia, Fraser Island

General Information:

The dingo is a wild dog of Southeast Asia and Australia. It’s commonly called the Australian wild dog. They thrived upon introduction, and quickly spread out across Australia, quite possibly with individual assistance. Within a short period of time that the dingo had occupied the whole continent and became a dominant predator, probably contributing to the extinction of marsupial carnivores such as the Thylacine. Recently, the dingo has become seen as a pest species, and lots of measures, including an extensive fence, have been made to stem its encroachment on human property/welfare. Also, because of its inbreeding with dogs introduced by European settlers, the dingo gene pool is also considered to be increasingly”polluted”.

Physical Description:

The dingo weighs between 22 and 53 pounds roughly, being usually smaller the wolves of the northern hemisphere. It stands at about 17 – 25 inches at the shoulder, and measures approximately 34 – 48 inches long. Although fur coloring differs slightly, dingoes are often ginger in colour. Although the dingo doesn’t normally occur in packs (more often existing in pairs or small family groups), it is capable of forming larger groups to search.

Diet:

Dingoes predate on a variety of animals. The majority of its prey species are medium or small in size, including lizards and rodents. However, the dingo will also take larger prey, including sheep and kangaroos. The dingo is opportunistic, and in addition to hunting is also known to consume fruits and plants and scavenge from people.

Habitat:

Modern dingoes are distributed primarily in tiny pockets of forests in Southeast Asia and in many portions of Australia. In Australia, it occurs mostly in the north. The”Great Dingo Fence” was begun in the 1880s, and meant to keep dingoes out of the comparatively fertile southeast of Australia and to protect sheep. Although it has managed to stem the dingo from existing in larger numbers, some dingoes can still be found in the southern portions of the continent today.

Reproduction:

Dingoes breed once annually, generally between March and June. The young may be left on their own after just a few months, or they may remain with their parents for up to a year before independence. Males reach sexual maturity by age one, and females become capable of breeding at about exactly the same age.

Big cats in North America

Animal Big Cat Feline Grass Lynx Outdoors

North America is home to four species of wildcats. With more and more of the natural habitat disappearing, wildcats, as well as many other kinds of wildlife, are coming in closer contact with man. Find out More about the wildcats of North America.

He is also the only species of wild cat that is not currently on the endangered list. The bobcat and the Canadian Lynx are occasionally though of as the same animal. They are both of the same family but different species. The bobcat is about double the size of the average house cat. They get their name from the short, black-tipped tail that appears to be”bobbed” or cut off. The”tufts” of the ears are actually used like hearing aids and they have excellent eyesight. At once the bobcat’s territory was wide spread of the US, but their number have diminished over the years. Bobcats are nocturnal creatures and are seldom seen by humans. The bobcats diet consists of mice, rabbits, squirrels, reptiles and fowl, including the farmer’s chickens. They are many times considered as a nuisance and are shot by farmers. Many hunters will also kill a bobcat since they eat the quail, pheasant and chukka that many hunters shoot for sport.

Lynx – The lynx is truly the bobcats”cold weather” cousin. The European and Asian lynx are larger that the North American species, the Canada lynx. The Canada lynx are generally found, of course, in Canada and the colder parts of the US. The Canada lynx is about the exact same size as the bobcat and has tufted ears as well. Their feet are used as”snow shoes” and are larger and have more hair for added insulation from the cold and snow. There’s a correlation between the number of snowshoe hares and the population of lynx. As the amount of snowshoe hares decline, so do the number of lynx. The larger Eurasian lynx will hunt deer as well as smaller animals.

Ocelot – The ocelot is sometimes called the”Painted Leopard”. At one time they could be found throughout the southwestern parts of the US. However because of their attractively spotted fur, their numbers have been greatly reduced and has placed them on the endangered list. Sometimes you will see the ocelot in Arizona or parts of Texas. They are most commonly seen in Mexico and northern parts of South America. They are primarily nocturnal and solitary animals. The ocelot has brief tawny or reddish brown fur with black spots and rosette shaped markings. Their face has two black stripes down each side and their tail has black bands. They can be seen in the trees, stalking monkeys and birds. They also eat small mammals and rodents, frogs, fish and a number of reptiles. Unlike most other cats, they don’t mind the water and can swim very well.

Mountain Lion – The mountain lion goes by many names. They are found mainly in the eastern and southern areas of the US, such as the swamps of Florida. Mountain lions are beautiful animals with a tawny colored coat with no markings. They weight approximately 120-140 pounds. Mountain lions prefer to prey on deer but will also attack and eat coyotes and other mammals such as raccoons and porcupines. Their range has been removed in the Midwest and Eastern US, though there are small populations returning the states like Oklahoma, Missouri and Arkansas. Mountain lions have been known to attack humans. But, statistics show that on average there are 4 attacks and 1 death each year in all of the US and Canada. Mountain lions will be more likely to attack a person who’s alone or a little child.

Few people will actually come in contact with any of these wildcats in their natural habitat, but at least now you know a bit more about these wonderful creatures.

Possums are amazing

Possum Opossum Animal Young Wild Wildlife

While working in a large Animal Shelter, I’d contact with tens of thousands of opossums! Thank goodness, a few years ago the County stopped accepting trapped wildlife so, people had to learn to live peacefully with Opossums.

Lots of people feel that Opossums are aggressive because of their large mouths and 50 sharp teeth! Actually, Opossums are solitary, gentle and placid creatures. They avoid confrontation! Adults are usually very slow moving and will just open their mouth to show their teeth and hiss when frightened. They do not initiate aggression. They’ll retreat whenever possible.

Opossums are actually very beneficial to our areas. They’re omnivores, so that they eat both meat and vegetation. They are basically scavengers, cleaning up the rotten fruit and debris in our yards, as well as carrion (dead road kill, etc.) They will eat insects, snails, slugs, worms, berries, nuts, grass, leaves and pet food. They are quite adaptable and make due with whatever food and water is available. Just about every lawn has Opossums walking around at night. Trust me, they are not a threat to you or your pets.

Mature Opossums are about the size of an adult cat. The tail could be 9″ to 21″ long. They use their thick, prehensile tail to scale and occasionally to carry leaves, etc.. Opossums can live in trees but, the adults can not hang by their tails while they sleep. Opossums will make a den in any dark, quiet location. They don’t put much effort into making a home.

The Opossum’s mating season is from February to June. They become adults and begin breeding at @ 1 year old. They can have 1 – 2 litters per season, depending on the climate. The gestation (period from conception to birth) is just 12 – 14 days. The mother has 13 teats and that is the maximum number of infants she can nurse. Usually, 13 babies will not make it in the pouch and of those that do, only about 3 to 6 will make it to weaning age. The infants are born undeveloped embryos. They are just about 1/4″ long and about the size of a Honey Bee. As soon as they are born, they scoot to the mothers pouch where they latch onto a teat. Once the babies latch on, the teat swells and elongates and they remain there at all times.

The infants are weaned at 2 to 3 months old and are considered juveniles. They become independent of the mother when they’re 6 – 12 months old and about 7″ to 10″ long. They become mating adults when they are @ 1 year old. The adult males are bigger than the females.

The real truth about”Playing Possum” is probably much different than you thought. When Opossums are extremely frightened, they could enter an involuntary”shock – like” or”fainting state.” They first wake up by wiggling their ears.

When they are unconscious, they normally have an open mouth and seem to be dead.

Opossums just live 2 – 4 years. They have a lot of predators! Between individuals, cars, cats, dogs, owls and bigger wildlife, Opossums don’t survive very long.

So, the next time you see one roaming around at night, try to look another way.

They really are not as bad as they seem.

Work with animals

Careers in wildlife management provide the opportunity to work with various kinds of animals in numerous possible ways. Jobs in this particular industry focus mainly on the care of wild animals in captivity and more importantly of the found in their natural habitat. However, the positions will depend on the individual’s level of knowledge and education.

Some of the widely held positions in the area of wildlife management are park rangers, biological technicians, and wildlife environment supervisors.

Many tasks are required of park rangers, from assisting guided tours and supervising public visits to park facilities to cleaning and maintaining the park environment and waterways. Park rangers are primarily responsible for tracking wildlife. But are also often times called upon to help in search and rescue operations.

The biological technician is primarily responsible for helping scientists in their study of wildlife. Their work involves the analysis of different life forms and assists in solving problems associated with any of these.

As a wildlife environment supervisor, he or she is responsible for analyzing and surveying animal populations. People in this position often work with animals that live in their native habitat. The supervisor’s primary role is to make certain that these animals can co-exist peacefully with people.

To get ahead in this area and secure sought-after positions, continued education is crucial to stay abreast of the most recent trends in the business. Fortunately, you need not look farther than the world wide web to find reliable programs wildlife management courses that provide a good curriculum.

The wildlife courses online are excellent for those currently working in the business or for those wanting to pursue a career in wildlife management. The lessons provide practical and theoretical knowledge which could help you get ahead in the organization. The range of lessons includes population dynamics, wildlife law and administration, management methods, and habitats. The classes can also be taken in conjunction with complimentary study areas such as wildlife conservation, conservation and environmental management, nature park management, marine research, and zoo keeping.

Upon registering, the wildlife ecology courses can be accessed on line conveniently from anywhere, at your house, the local coffee shop, or even at work, just be certain that you do it during your break. A specialist tutor is also available to students to help with questions or concerns concerning the course lessons.

Sign up for a wildlife management course now to stay ahead of the game!

Coral Snake

Image result for coral snake

There are many uncommon aspects of a snake, one of which is their feeding demeanor. Snakes do eat any type of livings thing that could fit in their bodies. Almost all snakes are ophiophagous, so they chase for killing and they feed on other serpents. Apart from being ophiophagous, the diet of coral snakes mainly consists of the following:
Little Lizards – They supply a huge food source for all sorts of snakes. And of course that lizards are mostly vulnerable and are simple for snakes to capture. Examples of that are geckos and small iguanas.
Amphibians – These are cold-blooded vertebrates residing on land and in water. Due to coral snake’s carnivorous state, they also fed on amphibians such as frogs, toads, and salamanders.
Small Birds – These sort of snake does not only eat birds, but also the vulnerable eggs and kids of birds. Scheming for birds are rather distressing for snakes, because birds fly while snakes can not. Every snake that hunts for birds has a realistic method by themselves. These snakes cling on trees and await vulnerable birds to pass by. On the other hand, they eat the helpless birds through their nest. They will quietly creep out on the bird’s nest and attack the young birds and eggs that still haven’t hatched.
Rodents – Rodents are the principal victim of all types of snakes, rats and rodents in particular. They are ordinarily eaten by snakes, both in enslavement and in wild. Moreover, rodents are the ideal prey for coral snakes and most of the snakes because of it being a mammal. Mammals of distinct kinds are substantially the victims of all kinds of snakes no matter its size. It can be another sort of snake or their egg . Usually, these sort of snakes crawls, sits and waits for its prey. They don’t usually move around like other snakes because they don’t need to use the majority of their energy in just looking for their prey and because coral snakes don’t always feed that often. Additionally, this is ideal for them since it is going to protect them from their predators.They always swallow the head of the prey first, most especially when their prey is larger than them. Most snakes such as coral snakes don’t always feed on the same particular kind of prey. Depending on their size and the quality of the prey being at hand when needed is 1 reason why snakes don’t always eat the same type of prey on their everyday diet.
Snakes can go on without feeding themselves for a lengthy time period. 1 reason , is that the snakes’ digestion process is very much slower than that of some living organisms. And this also depends upon the food they ate. If they eat smaller prey, they tend to look for more victims for them to eat.

Information about bats

Bats are one of the most fascinating creatures on Earth! Not only are they the only mammal capable of true flight, they are valuable components to our surrounding ecosystem and environment. There are over 100,000 species of bat found all over the world. Although there are thousands of species, every single one can be placed under one of two groups; Megachiroptera and Microchiroptera. Continue reading to learn the difference between mega and microbats, as well as, a couple of interesting facts and characteristics to each.

Microchiroptera

Microbats, or Microchiroptera, are also known colloquially by many different names; including Echolocating bats, little bats, insectivorous bats, and accurate bats. They are most famous for their use of echolocation. Echolocation, also referred to as bio sonar, is a sonar-like method used to map a grid out of a bats’ surroundings. Although bats are not blind, like most myths imply , they require the use of such methods for finding food and hunting their prey. It operates by emitting little beeps or calls out to the surrounding environment, and listening for the return of echoes bouncing off objects around them. Various animals in the animal kingdom utilize bio sonar; such as dolphins, whales, shrews, and some cave-bird species.

Microbats are small, some as tiny as 2 grams! They have large ears, but very tiny eyes. They generally eat insects; however, larger species of Microchiroptera actually hunt small prey such as frogs, lizards, rodents, as well as fish or birds. Common species of Microchiroptera include the Spotted Bat, Bumblebee Bat, Inland Forest Bat, Leaf-Nosed Bats, Northern Free-Tailed Bat, Horseshoe Bat, and the Spear-Nosed Bat.

Megachiroptera

Megachiroptera, or megabats, are much larger than micros. They can weigh up to 4 pounds and have a wingspan of up to 5 or 6 feet! They have huge eyes, and a much wider wingspan. They are generally found in tropical climates, where the weather is moist and warm. Unlike microbats, the Megachiroptera do not use bio sonar to find and hunt for food. Insteadthey use their keen eyesight and sense of smell to find their favorites foods; such as pollen, nectar, plants, and ripened fruit. That’s right; megabats don’t eat insects or small prey like their cousins, the microbats. In actuality, megabats are often times referred to as”fruit bats” or”old world fruit bats”.

Bat Hibernation Cave Cave Formations Stala

Their eating habits actually contribute to the distribution of flower pollens and fruit seeds. This relationship is a form of mutualism called chiropterophily, and clarifies how plants and bats help each other. Frequent species of Megabat include all Flying Foxes, Hammerhead Bat, Long-Tongued Nectar Bat, Egyptian Fruit Bat, and Tube-Nosed Bats.

Facts about Raccoons

The raccoons’ name is in fact spelled two different ways: racoon and raccoon. It seems that it is dependent upon which side of the pond (A.K.A. the Atlantic Ocean) you’re on.

Grey Short Coat Animal Laying on Grey Wooden Panel

Raccoons (I am American, no insult to my U.K. friends out there!) As seen in the above statement, can be seen in Canada, United States, Mexico, Finland, Germany and Russia. In actuality they are also found in all of Europe, having been released by the Asians. They may also be located in all of the rest of the world, each country/continent boasting its own species and subspecies.

The food chain is broad and varied. Their natural enemies are foxes and bobcats. However, they have also been proven to be carried off by larger prey predators such as owls and eagles. Unfortunately, the biggest danger known to raccoons is the car. In turn, raccoons feast on a variety of foods such as berries, acorns and leaves. Did you know that they are omnivorous? If you reside in the suburbs, you understand their buffet also includes garbage out of trash cans! In effect, I believe I can safely say they eat whatever they don’t deem as poisonous!

Raccoons can make about 7 unique sounds which at times can seem a bit like a puppy, and other times more like a cat! Perhaps those purring cat sounds you hear at night are actually raccoons instead! This is possible as raccoons are generally nocturnal.

However, they have their limitations as well. My mother once watched a raccoon reach into a hole to catch his prey. He apparently caught it, but as he tried to pull his fist from the hole, it got stuck. He fought for a while trying to get his fist out. Regrettably, he had to let his prey go so as to pull his hand out of the hole!

Raccoons are also sometimes seen as pets. They are fun to watch and very entertaining. However, as a warning, they’re still considered wild animals and are feisty and unpredictable. They are not recommended as pets for those who have young children. Also, they are illegal in several areas as pets so before considering this option, check with the game wardens, Wellington Rat Removal or pet management section in your area.

Wild bear safety

When bears hibernate, they lose up to 30 percent of the body weight so in the spring that they wake up very hungry. It’s essential for field workers to know about bear feeding patterns so they can try and avoid getting from a bear and its food.

In the spring, bears are largely looking for roots, shrubs, berries, whereas in the fall, bears are more likely to be found near water searching for salmon to give them the calories and fat that they need for hibernation.

Bears coming out of hibernation might be more visible and aggressive as they hunt for food. If they emerge early from hibernation or when their normal foods are less available, they will come looking for things like human garbage. It is important that everyone does their part to eliminate bear attractant and properly dispose of all food waste on work sites or in the bush.

To avoid a bear encounter you also want to earn loads of noise while working and be aware of your surroundings. Walk loudly at the bush and talk or sing often. If you are working in an extremely forested area or about creeks, frequently scan your environment.

If you encounter a bear:

– Back away slowly and quietly if the bear does not acknowledge you.
– When the bear sees you, talk calmly and back away slowly – do not run.
– When the bear moves towards you, make yourself as large as possible, wave your arms or an item, and make a whole lot of noise.
– Don’t stare directly into the bear’s eyes
– If the bear attacks you, fight back if it’s a black bear, and play dead if it is a grizzly

Brown Bear in Body of Water during Daytime

The best preparation to protect yourself against a bear encounter is to check for wildlife action ahead of starting work in the area by contacting local fish and wildlife officials. Other things you can do to equip yourself include:

– Take a bear/wildlife safety program.
– Have gear like bear spray and bangers which are intended to frighten bears and understand how to properly store and use them.
– Carry a firearm in high risk areas if licensed to do so.
– Know to call Wellington Raccoon Removal for support.
– Carry a mobile phone or communication radio that works in the area.